Oral Treatment for Ringworm
In the absence of oral treatment for ringworm, the infection may spread rapidly and the disorder may worsen quickly. If left untreated then the person may have blisters and pustules occurring on the skin resulting in an itchy sensation.
Ringworm is a fungal infection that appears on the top layer of the skin. It looks like an itchy, reddish rash circular in shape and within the circle the person can see healthy-looking skin. It is called ringworm due to its ring or circle like appearance. However, it doesn’t share any space with an actual worm emerging under the skin.
The ringworm is also referred as tinea corporis. It is closely associated with other fungal infections with related names such as tinea pedis (athlete’s foot), tinea cruris (jock itch), and tinea capitis (ringworm of the scalp).
Ringworm Symptoms The symptoms of ringworm include the following:
- A spherical rash on the skin- red and raised around the edges with healthy looking skin in the middle
- A round and flat patch of itchy skin
- Slightly elevated rings and scaly skin on the face or trunk
It is a possibility that more than one patch of ringworm may appear on the skin. A person may have tinea infection excluding the common red ring of ringworm.
If a person is experiencing the following symptoms associated with ringworm then they must consult a doctor immediately:
- Excessive redness
The doctor will verify whether the person has only ringworm or other skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. The doctor will perform a potassium hydroxide (KOH) test by taking samples from the infected area for microscopic observations. If the sample shows fungus then antifungal drugs are prescribed. If the tests result is negative then the sample is forwarded to the laboratory for further testing. This test is called as a culture. The doctor may call for another culture if the condition is not responding to the treatment.
Oral Treatment for Ringworm This condition needs treatment only when it is severe and does not respond to over-the-counter drugs. The doctor will prescribe topical (ointment, lotion, or cream) and oral (tablet, capsule, or pills) treatment including several options listed below:
- Mentax (Butenafine)
- Loprox (ciclopirox)
- Mycelex (Clotrimazole)
- Lamisil (Terbinafine)
- Terbinafine (Lamisil)
- Diflucan (Fluconazole)
- Sporanox (Itraconazole)
- Grifulvin V (Griseofulvin)
The oral medicines have some side-effects such as unusual live functioning, rash, and gastrointestinal disturb. Some of the oral drugs may modify the effectiveness of warfarin. It is an anticoagulant drug that lessens the clotting ability of the blood.
In milder cases the person can apply an over-the-counter antifungal lotion, or cream. Most ringworm responds to these topical treatments including:
- Tinactin (Tolnaftate)
- Lamisil AT (Terbinafine)
- Micaderm and Micatin (Miconazole)
- Lotrimin AF (Clotrimazole)
To perform this home remedy, wash and dry the infected area. Then, apply gently the cream or lotion once or twice a day for a period of two weeks or according to the directions printed on the package. While applying, widen the application about an inch further than the edge to get the best treatment. If there is no improvement after four weeks of use then consult a doctor immediately.
This condition is difficult to manage but the person can reduce the risk by employing certain steps. The person can learn all necessary things regarding ringworm and must tell others especially children about the disease and its characteristics. Always wash the hands to avoid the spreading of the infection. Never share personal items such as towels, hairbrushes, or clothing with others. Even if, a person develops ringworm then discuss a doctor regarding oral treatment for ringworms.
Note: All medication should be taken strictly under expert medical supervision.