Hebephrenic Schizophrenia is a type of Schizophrenia which is a mental disorder. This disorder is also known as disorganized Schizophrenia as its symptoms indicate a completely disorganized lifestyle of the sufferer. It is a prolonged disorder found in teenagers and youngsters below the age of 25.
Symptoms of disorganized schizophrenia include a completely strange childish behavior of the person. The person tends to react in an unrelated way like replying things which make absolutely no sense. They fall prey to things that are not true i.e. they start believing in things which are false. Along with delusions, the person might also have hallucinations.
The person is unable to express his/her feelings as they find communicating extremely difficult. They tend to laugh at absolutely nothing and might also become violent at times. Although, there are only a few cases where in the patient has hurt his/her family members. Childish behavior accompanied with a constant feeling of depression makes these people vulnerable to drinking, drugs, suicide, etc. The dressing and lost expression make these people distinguishable and they are eventually pushed away from the social affairs.
Just like any other form of schizophrenia, the exact cause of hebephrenic schizophrenia remains unknown. However, a family history of mental disorders increases the chances of a person to develop schizophrenia. Along with this, other environmental factors might also play a major role in development of this disorder. A mother who was infected with certain virus during child birth also increases the chances of that baby to develop mental disorders later on.
Methods of diagnosis
The family members and close friends are the first to notice strange behavior of a person suffering from this disorder. It becomes highly difficult for the family members to watch their loved one behave in strange manner. However, the family members must immediately consult a psychiatrist if they continue noticing such behavior for a month or so.
The psychiatrist first suggests getting the person’s physical reports which include general health details like blood pressure, weight, temperature, etc. The laboratory tests include a Complete Blood Count, and thyroid test. Since people with this type of schizophrenia are more prone to drugs, alcohol, and smoking, they are screened for this. Sometimes consumption of high quantity of psychotic drugs might lead to schizophrenia in youngsters.
After evaluating the person on the basis of DSM which is the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the person is diagnosed with this disorder.
Support of family members, their love and care is the strongest factor which can aid treatment of a person suffering from disorganized schizophrenia. Psychotherapy includes sessions for both the patient as well as the family members. The patient is listened to which makes the patient feel better and is taught how to behave properly and how to respond normally to different situations. The family members on the other hand are taught methods to take care and handle the patient.
Sometimes, the hallucinations and delusions can make the patient highly depressed, which can cause him/her to become aggressive or attempt suicide. In such cases, when the situation is out of control of the family members, the patient is hospitalized for a few weeks. The patient might also be administered with Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) in which the patient is given electric currents to recover faster.
Along with all of the above therapies, the patient is also prescribed certain anti depressants and antipsychotic, which suppress the symptoms of schizophrenia. It is very important that the family members keep a close watch on the patient’s activities. Only prescribed medications must be taken.
Hebephrenic Schizophrenia is not completely curable. The only thing, which a person can do, is to take proper treatment to keep the symptoms under control. Early treatment is more beneficial and there are more chances that the person can live a normal life instead of an aimless one. It is wise to introduce the patient to societies which are especially made for people suffering from schizophrenia.