About Alzheimers Disease
Alzheimer’s disease is a mental disorder named after a German psychiatrist Alois Alzheimer, who was the first to describe it in the year 1906. Researchers have learned a great amount of information about Alzheimer’s disease in last century since Dr. Alzheimer first drew focus on it. Today we are more aware about Alzheimer’s disease and its symptoms and we are much better prepared for its treatment.
Alzheimer’s disease is progressive
Till date there has been no treatment to halt the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. More than 5.3 million people are suffering from Alzheimer’s disease in United States alone. The neurologic progression of Alzheimer’s results in permanent loss of neurons in the brain cells specifically in the cortex and the hippocampus. Some of its clinical characteristics are progressive impairment in memory, inability to make judgments, failure at decision-making, and reduction of orientation to physical surroundings and vulnerable language. Alzheimer’s develops with passage of time.
Alzheimer’s disease is fatal
Today Alzheimer’s is one of the leading causes of death in the world. It is predicted that by 2050, 1 out of 80 deaths on our planet will be due to Alzheimer’s disease. Sufferings in Alzheimer’s are worst as it affects work, behavior, cognition and eventually the social life of a victim. The destruction in brain cells ultimately obstructs the basic functioning of brain causing death of the victim.
Prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease is variable
Survey results show that the occurrence of Alzheimer’s disease varies according to the victim’s age, lifestyle, ethnicity, geographical conditions, amount of stress, etc. a perfect diagnosis can be made only at an autopsy. After observing the statistics of the victims of Alzheimer’s, it shows that prevalence of Alzheimer’s is approximately 60 percent among the people over 90 years of age, 1 percent among the people of 60 to 65 years of age and its occurrence among the people below 40 years of age is rare.
Alzheimer’s disease is incurable
Alzheimer’s has no cure till date and the existing treatments offer relatively less indicative help but are mostly palliative. While treatment for occurring symptoms, proper services and aid makes life better for the people having Alzheimer’s but this does not hamper the degenerative nature of this terminal disease.
Alzheimer’s disease reduces the Life Expectancy of the victim
The life expectancy of the victim is noticeably reduced. An average life expectancy after the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease is approximately 7 years, less than even 3 percent of people survive for more than 14 years. This reduction in survival years is associated with the harshness of cognitive impairment, functional inability and severe damage to the nerve cells.
Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most costly diseases in society
While the victim of Alzheimer’s disease may function well in the early stages but in later stages of the disease a victim needs to be taken care of. Direct medical costs in Alzheimer’s are the medication, tests and nursing expenses whereas in-direct costs are frequent day care, caregivers time and vanished earnings as impaired cognition enforces a total dependence of the victim on the caregiver.
Most of the aspects remain uncertain about Alzheimer’s disease and its victims’ behavior and there are negligible evidences to support that any particular measure is successful to preventing this fatal disease. However, epidemiological studies anticipated relationships between certain factors, such as diet, pharmaceutical products, cardiovascular risk, or intellectual activities among others, could reduce one’s probability of developing Alzheimer’s disease.