Cervicogenic Headache Treatment
A cervicogenic headache is a type of problem that basically causes pain to the spine. It is caused due to the excessive stress, change in the lifestyle, weakness, injuries, insomnia, and certain injuries and traumas. Hormonal imbalance, especially in women also causes cervicogenic headache. Cervicogenic headache is diagnosed with the help of X-rays, CT scan or MRI scan.
Cervicogenic headache is mainly associated with the chronic pain in the head. If not treated on the early basis, it can lead to severe pain and inflammation in the head. The pain may occur in one side of the head or it may occur on both sides of the head. Usually women are prone to this type of headache. Common symptoms include tenderness of the cervical muscles as well as pain in the neck. Vomiting, nausea, head throbbing, lack of concentration, confusion, stiffness in the neck region, and sensitivity to sound and light are some of the other symptoms. So it is important to have cervicogenic headache treatment, as it can help to reduce pain, inflammation and swellings.
Treatment of cervicogenic headache
The treatment of cervicogenic headache depends upon its causes and symptoms.. Early treatment can lead to better result. There are certain treatments that can be performed in order to reduce the effect of cervicogenic headache.
- Medication- Medications involve a variety of anti-spasmotics that helps to reduce the effect of cervicogenic headache. Elavil and Zanaflex (tizanadine) are other types of drug which cures cervicogenic headache to certain extent. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin, ibuprofen are used to reduce the inflammation of the neck. Over-the-counter medication such as acetaminophen is also used to cure cervicogenic headache. These medications should be taken after consulting the doctor, as inappropriate dose might lead to several other complications.
- Chiropractic care- Chiropractor (a specialist for spine problem) checks the problem related to the spine and neck which is caused by injuries, traumas, or other types of health issues. This chiropractic care is very important to reduce the effect of cervicogenic headache..
- Trigger point injections- Trigger point therapy is performed in two phases. Firstly it is done with the use of dry needling where the needle in pricked at the back to break up abnormal knots of tissue and secondly a steroid injection is used on the affected area with the help of local anesthesia to reduce the excessive pain.
- Physical therapist care- It involves massage of the joints and muscle, strengthening of muscles, movement of the joints, and reduction of the frequent occurrence of headache. But it is important to visit a doctor before the start of these activities, as he may properly tell you how to perform it and how many times you should perform it on a daily basis.
- Muscle energy techniques- It is also referred as “Manual Therapy”, in which the pain and pressure of the headache is manipulated. It is one of the safer treatments, as it does not contain any side effects with it.
- Cervical traction- It is the oldest method used for the treatment of cervicogenic headache. It is also used for other problem too. Traction is basically to stretch the muscle of the cervical spine. It is a temporary process to relief pain from headache. If cervical traction does not work, then patient should move for surgery.
- Exercises- Exercises such as yoga, meditation and certain other exercises can be performed to reduce the pain caused by cervicogenic headache. It also helps in the movement of the neck and the shoulder.
Cervicogenic headache treatments should be properly followed from time to time. Do not stop taking medicines or increase the dose if you are not getting benefit from that, or else visit your doctor and tell about your condition. Then he might change the dose or change the medicine according to the severity of the headache. Poor posture and improper diet can also trigger cervicogenic headache.