Foot Cancer Symptoms
Malignant melanoma of the skin is the severe type of skin cancer that may affect the feet and legs. The cancer may occur in other parts of the body also. The disease affects both men and women. The factsheet we are providing mainly deals with foot cancer symptoms.
The skin is composed of the thin outer epidermis (surface) where the pigment producing melanocytes cells are situated. The next layer that is called dermis consists of the sensory receptors, sweat glands, and hair follicles. The epidermis cells that coat the skin are continuously shed and replaced with cells from the bottom of the epidermis. The new cells are pushed up from the bottom of the surface and after they expire they are replenished with newer cells. Melanoma initiates in the melanocytes of the epidermis. Melanoma is lesser on the diagnosis list as compared to basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. However, it metastasizes more by breaking away from the primary tumor and traveling through the lymph nodes or blood vessels. They grow within the secondary location
The skin is the chief part of the body and serves several fundamental purposes. It guards the body, normalizes the temperature of the body, stores water and fat, makes vitamin D, and communicates with the brain via nerves. Melanocytes produces dark pigments (melanin) which is the most significant elements of skin color. Melanin helps in protecting the sin from ultraviolet rays.
Foot Cancer Symptoms
Melanoma as a rule appears as an uncharacteristic mole. Dermatologists have built up the ABCD rule to differentiate an ordinary mole from a melanoma one. Following is the characteristic differentiation of melanoma and common appearing symptoms:
- Asymmetrical wounds
- Border abnormality
- Color disparity
- Diameter larger than the dimension of a pencil eraser
- Colored growth or a change in the present moles
- Painless lesion
- A change in the color from the brown or black to blue, red, or white
- An elevated or solid mole
The diagnosis of foot cancer starts with self-examination a patient undertakes. A person who has noticed any change in skin must consult dermatologists as the change may happen due to skin cancer. Dermatologists are of the opinion that a person must have self-examination of the skin on monthly basis if that person has previously been diagnosed with skin cancer.
Here are some useful tips a person can follow as part of skin self-examination.
After having a bath or shower, examine the skin in a bright room that must have a complete mirror. A hand-held mirror will help in examining the back, sides, and front of the body. It will also help in looking for a mole on the scalp, floors of the feet, the private parts of the body, and the skin linking the buttocks.
The person can note down the size, color, location, and numbers of the moles, scratch marks, flaws, and blackheads to show it to a dermatologist. Keep a record of any original or abnormal changes in the skin such as a prolonged sore or a mole that has grown or a change in the color of the skin. If a person notices any other changes then consulting a doctor on early basis should be a priority.
Malignant melanomas along with other kinds of skin cancers may have similarity regarding moles. Melanomas can be life threatening if it spreads in to the deeper level of the skin reaching the dermis then it may enter in to blood vessels and metastasizes to other parts of the body. The prognosis of the foot cancer depends upon the depth of the melanoma.
Incidences of foot cancer are more in light-skinned people in comparison to dark-skinned people. Thus, we will conclude our discussion of the foot cancer symptoms with self-diagnosis tips.