Cheek Cancer Symptoms
The oral cavity and lip cancer is a disorder in which cancerous cells appear in the mouth or lips.
Men are more prone to this disease as compared to women. Smoking in combination with alcohol increases the risk of developing cheek cancer. Cheek cancer symptoms are given with the causes of the disease and its risk factors.
Cheek is the part of the oral cavity that lines the inside of the mouth. Cheeks are known as the buccal mucosa. The buccal mucosa is the inner lining of the cheeks and the disorder starts inside the lining of cheeks.
Apart from the buccal mucosa, the oral cavity comprises several parts that have been given below.
The oral cavity consists of the front two third part of the tongue. It also consists of the gums (gingiva) and the bottom (floor) of the mouth beneath the tongue. The roof (hard palate) of the mouth and small area at the back of the wisdom teeth (retromolar trigone) cover up the remainder of the oral cavity.
Most oral cavity cancer forms in squamous cells. Squamous cells are the thin and flat cells that line up the lips and oral cavity. The cells are called squamous cell carcinomas. As the tumor grows, the cancerous cells may metastases deep in to the tissue.
Use of tobacco products such as cigarettes, pipes, bidis, and cigars increase a person’s chance of developing the cancer. People addicted to alcohol are also at increased risk of developing the cancer. Prolonged exposure to natural or artificial sunlight may increase the risk of getting the disease. Men are at increased risk of developing cheek cancer. People infected with human Papilloma virus are advised to consult a doctor as they are at increased risk of developing the cancer.
Cheek Cancer Symptoms
- Prolonged sore on the lip or inside the mouth
- A lump in the mouth or gums or on the lips
- A white patch on the tongue, tonsils, gums, or inside layer of the mouth
- Bleeding or numbness inside the lips or mouth
- A change in the voice
- Dentures don’t feet well in the mouth
- Trouble while swallowing or moving the tongue
- Swelling in the jaw
It is advisable to consult a doctor as these symptoms may or may not arise due to cheek cancer. Other health conditions may cause the symptoms to appear.
Exfoliate cytology a test in which cells are collected from the oral cavity and observed under a microscope to look for abnormality.
Barium swallow is a series of x-rays taken of the esophagus and stomach. The patient is given a drink that contains barium and the liquid covers the esophagus which appears on the x-rays. This process is also known as upper GI series.
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan is the scanning of the body to find out the malignant tumors.
Endoscopy is the procedure to look for abnormal areas inside the organs and tissues of the body. An endoscope is injected through the mouth for viewing inside the esophagus.
An x-ray, a CT, and an MRI scans the body to take a detailed picture of the body.
A biopsy is the removal of cells that can be observed under a microscope for cancer cells. A sample is taken from the tumor and a pathologist views the sample under a microscope.
Before these tests, a doctor or dentist examines the inner side of the mouth by inserting a gloved finger or with a small mirror. It includes checking of the lips and cheeks, the floor and roof of the mouth, and top, bottom, and inner side of the mouth. The doctors will ask questions regarding the patient’s health, past illnesses, and dental treatments.
If not diagnosed early then cheek cancer requires surgery. Thus, it is advisable to see a doctor or dentist if any of the above cheek cancer symptoms occur.