Arm Cancer Symptoms
The symptoms we are going to discuss are of arm cancer symptoms and the disease that affects about 2000 people every year. The arm cancer occurs more in children than in adults.
Bone cancer is a cancerous (malignant) tumor of the bone that wipes out normal bone tissue. All bone tumors are not cancerous; however benign bone tumors are more universal than malignant ones. Malignant tumors spread rapidly as opposed to benign tumors that do not metastasize.
The arm cancer can begin in any kind of bone tissue. Bones are made up of osteoid, cartilaginous, and fibrous tissues with bone marrow at its core.
The common kinds of arm cancers are:
- Osteosarcoma: It arises from osteoid tissue in the bone. The tumor occurs often in the knee and upper arm.
- The Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors (ESFTs): ESFTs usually occur in the bone but can also begin in the soft tissue. The tumor mostly occurs in the arm and in other parts like the backbone, pelvis, and in the legs. Scientists suggest that ESFTs start from the elements of primitive nerve tissue in the soft tissue or bone.
The possible causes of arm cancer are not clearly stated but researchers have found certain factors that may increase the chance of getting the disease. A person treated with high-dose of external radiation therapy develops Osteosarcoma. Children are mostly susceptible for the occurrence. People having metal implants are at greater risk of developing Osteosarcoma.
Osteosarcoma begins in between the age of ten and nineteen. People over forty years of age are also at increased risk of getting the cancer.
ESFTs occur mostly in adolescents and children under nineteen years of age. Boys are more susceptible than girls.
Arm Cancer Symptoms
- Pain in the bones
- A lump or mass
- Weight loss
- Night sweats
- Stiff arm
- Elbow, hand, and finger pain
- Swelling in or near a bone
Before ordering diagnostic tests, the doctor will ask the patient about their personal and family medical history. The doctor will perform physical exam for unusual lump or mass and the abnormal areas that seems odd.
The x-ray test gives pictures of the size, shape, and location of the bone tumor.
A bone scan detects the radioactive material that is inserted through blood vessels.
A CT scan is a sequence of broad pictures of areas inside the body. The pictures are taken from various angles.
An MRI uses a powerful magnet connected to a computer to generate full pictures of the parts inside the body. This procedure excludes the use of x-rays.
A PET scan scans the small amount of radioactive glucose inserted into the vein to produce a computerized picture of the affected areas of the body.
An angiogram is an x-ray of blood vessels.
A biopsy is the removal of the tissue sample from the bone tumor and pathological observations of the sample to look for cancer cells. The doctor may prefer a needle biopsy or an incisional biopsy over regular biopsy procedure. In the incisional biopsy, the doctor makes a cut into the tumor and takes away a sample of tissue. Biopsies are always done by an orthopedic oncologist.
A pathologist observes the sample under a microscope for the cancer cells.
Blood tests determine the level of alkaline phosphates. Alkaline phosphates are the enzymes that are found in the blood. When bone tissues are very active the level of enzymes in the blood rises.
The treatment of the arm cancer depends upon the location, size, and stage of the disease. The patient’s age and health conditions are also important in treating the disorder. The treatment options include surgery, cryosurgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
A person can take part in the clinical trials if they have any of the above arm cancer symptoms.