Primary Biliary Cirrhosis Life Expectancy
Ursofalk (Ursodeoxycholic acid) is prescribed to cure primary biliary cirrhosis. This medicine has shown prolonged prognosis and primary biliary cirrhosis life expectancy. In several cases, the prescribed medicine has shown improvement over symptoms such as fatigue, nausea, and itching. Rifampicin and Cholestyramine are also prescribed in easing out the itching.
To improve the life expectancy of the disease, doctors advice to follow weight bearing exercises and consume food that have ample calcium. For women patients, hormone replacement therapy may provide some help but the treatment must be carried out in discussion with a doctor.
Primary biliary cirrhosis is a chronic liver disease which hinders the capacity of the liver to churn out the toxic chemicals and drugs. Prescribed drugs, certain foods, and alcohol consumption will hamper functions of the liver.
As food is also considered as the activating factor, it is advisable to have a balanced diet rich with proteins, vitamins, and calcium.
The severity and development of the disease varies from person to person as like the life expectancy. Several people will have no symptoms at all and others will be carrying a mild illness. It is also found that people having symptoms were never caught with the ailment. If a person having symptoms that have worse effects then liver transplantation will be carried out. Results of primary biliary cirrhosis liver transplantation are outstanding.
The diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis starts with liver function test. The liver function test is performed with a sample of blood. A biopsy will reveal the presence of AMA (antimitochondrial antibody) which will confirm the diagnosis. For the biopsy, the doctor will withdraw a small sample of cells from the liver.
The diagnosis of primary biliary cirrhosis is based upon a criterion to rule out any rumors in the mind of the patient. It is designed to identify only those patients who have confirmed primary biliary cirrhosis. The diagnosis is done if the patient fulfills the three criteria:
- Liver biopsy
- AMA is appearing positive
- Cholestatic liver tests
There are four clinical stages of primary biliary cirrhosis. The segregation is based upon the progression of the disease. Scientists have developed a mathematical model based clinical findings. The data will be helpful in predicting the outcome. The stages are:
One thing is sure that there will be considerable time taken from one clinical stage to the next one. However, a liver biopsy will have its own pathological stages that are different from the above discussed phases.
The diagnosis of the primary biliary cirrhosis is generally done between 30 and 60 years of age. The development of the disease is very slow which does not improve the life expectancy. As the disease has slow progression, symptoms will first appear in between 2 to 15 years of age. When symptoms appear, people will become in the next 3 to 5 years.
As the symptoms are appeared, the primary biliary cirrhosis life expectancy will have up to only 10 years. This will eventually progress into disappearance and shrinking of itching and xanthomas respectively. If this happens then the person will have symptoms of jaundice meaning primary biliary cirrhosis is in advanced stage.
The treatment for primary biliary cirrhosis aims at easing out symptoms with alleviation in the liver damage. The treatment is also given to reduce complications. The person must be aware of that they must not consume alcohol during the treatment. Along with treatment, vitamin D and calcium supplement must be provided to avoid development of osteoporosis.
A person can improve the primary biliary cirrhosis life expectancy by having a routine of weight bearing exercise and taking Raloxifene or bisphosphonates or prescribed medicines by the doctor.