Pepper is one of the most common spices used in many foods. It gives special flavor and taste to the food. So, pepper has a special value in our economy also. But, it creates allergic reactions in many people. Although it is not a common disease, pepper allergy cause many discomforts and health problems in people.
How pepper allergy occurs
The stuff of pepper, capsicum, which can make all peppers hot in varying quantity cause allergy in some people. In addition, the presence of a protein called P23 and beta vitamin 1 result in the generation of allergy. But, different peppers contain these elements in varying quantities and so the intensity of allergy also varies from person to person.
How to identify pepper allergy
Pepper allergy is obvious in some people, while in others, it is difficult to identify whether their allergic reactions or symptoms are due to pepper. If you are not sure, the reason of symptoms, don’t try to confirm the issue yourself. You have to consult a doctor who cam identify the exact problem with the help of some medical tests.
Symptoms of pepper allergy
The symptoms of pepper allergy may be mild or severe. Starting with many discomforts, it may lead to hospitalization or even death. You should be aware of the symptoms very clearly to identify the condition of your allergy early. Here are some common symptoms caused by pepper allergy.
Itchiness: If the allergic person happens to consume pepper, he may feel an itching sensation in the back of throat and tongue. Though it is a mild symptom, sometimes it leads to a strong burning feel. If the itchiness develops to pain from irritation, you have to consult a doctor for medical help.
Hives: Hives on the skin with pale or reddish bumps is a main symptom of pepper allergy. It may appear on any part of the body. It may be as small as a dime or as large as a dinner plate. Although hives are hot and itchy, they will be reduced within few hours or a day.
Swelling: As a result of your body’s bad reaction against the allergen present in pepper, you may have swelling of the throat or tongue which disrupts breathing. If the swelling causes a shortness of breath, you should seek the medical treatment immediately.
Runny noise: As a result of irritation in the nasal passage due to pepper allergy, people may suffer from running noise accompanied by watery eyes.
Coughing: Pepper allergy causes irritation in the lungs as in the nasal passages which result in coughing. Continuous coughing after the exposure to pepper shows that the person is allergic to pepper.
Diarrhea, vomiting, itching around the lips and nausea are the other common symptoms of pepper allergy. Sometimes the severe pepper allergy leads to anaphylactic reaction, a life-threatening symptom.
How to treat pepper allergy
As allergy occurs due to the production of histamines in the body, we can use anti-histamines to relieve the reactions of allergy. If the allergic person shows the symptoms of anaphylactic reactions, a self-injection epinephrine should be applied soon to stop the symptom. If you feel any kind of food allergy, you should keep a food diary to mark the types of food you are eating. Your doctor can identify the hidden allergens in your food with the help of the food diary.
Although medicines are available to cure the allergic reaction, avoidance of the allergy-causing element is the best way to keep away from allergy. You have to read the labels of the food product to avoid those, which contains pepper. Tell the supplier not to use pepper in your food, while eating at restaurant.
If you do not take your allergy seriously, it may progress to a life-threatening stage. So, those who are suffering from severe symptoms are advised to consult a doctor.