Including fruits in the diet is an effective tip for a healthy living. But, it is not a good suggestion for the people, who suffer from fruit allergy. Allergy to fruits is very rare and is usually subtle. The reason for fruit allergy is diverse and often random. Each person may have allergy to a specific set of fruits.
Cause of fruit allergy
The body of allergic persons produces immunoglobulin E or IgE antibodies after consumption of a specific fruit. It happens when the immune system wrongly interprets the fruits as dangerous to the body. These antibodies act against the foreign particles that enter the body and cause allergic reactions. Some common fruits, which may cause allergic reactions, are kiwis, cherries, water melons, bananas, apricots, papayas, plums, pineapples, peaches, strawberries, peaches and musk melon.
Fruit punch that includes fruit juices mixed with water, alcohol or soda can trigger allergic reactions. Therefore, people, who suffer from fruit allergy, should avoid fruit punch. Those with fruit allergy should also avoid eating citrus fruits such as lemons, oranges etc.
Symptoms of fruit allergy
Tingling, itching and swelling: People, who suffer from fruit allergy, may experience itching, tingling and swelling in the throat and the roof or palate of the mouth. These symptoms are known as oral allergy syndrome. The allergy sufferer’s voice may be hoarse due to the throat irritations associated with fruit allergy.
Itchy eyes and runny nose: Itchy eyes and runny nose are the common symptoms associated with fruit allergy. The allergy sufferer may experience a stuffy nose and itchy eyes after consumption of certain fruits. The eyes and nose may be reddened due to the irritation caused by the allergy symptoms.
Hives and itching: A systemic reaction of a fruit allergy is itching and hives. Actual contact with the lips and the mouth could result this symptom. The patient may experience raised, reddened areas from the top of the heads to the toes. Itching will occur in these areas. As hivers and itching can lead to anaphylaxis, proper evaluation and treatment is required.
Cold-like feeling: Some people experience the cold-like symptoms such as sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, inflamed eyelids and a runny nose after consumption of a particular fruit.
Vomiting, diarrhea, cramps: Vomiting, diarrhea and cramps are severe fruit allergy symptoms and should be considered as dangerous. Those, who are allergic to fruits may experience stomachache and may be doubled over in pain. Vomiting may occur when an individual cannot tolerate the fruit-type foods that were digested.
Wheezing and shortness of breath: Allergic reactions to specific fruits such as apples and oranges may cause some asthmatic symptoms. They generally include wheezing and shortness of breath. If these symptoms may worsen, the person can fall into anaphylaxis. Difficulty in breathing, rapid breathing, chest pain and chest tightness, fever and headache are the other symptoms that may be associated with allergic asthma.
Treatment of fruit allergy
Avoiding consumption of fruits is the best method to treat fruit allergy. Removing the skin of the fruits prior to consumption may help to minimize fruit allergies because skin is the most allergic part of the fruit. Ripeness can also induce allergy to fruits. Ripe fruits can cause severe allergic reactions compared to freshly picked fruits. Antihistamines can relive basic allergy symptoms. Bronchodilators can improve breathing by clearing congested bronchial tubes and corticosteroids can prevent allergy attacks by reducing inflammation. Keeping the fruits in a microwave oven for 30 minutes is another method. If you cut the fruits and let them sit for a while, oxidization will occur and it breaks down the proteins.
Fruit allergy is common in children although they outgrow the condition by the time they are three years old.